Commonly associated with wisdom teeth, it is the removal of a tooth from the socket in the jaw bone. There are two types of tooth extractions, namely: a simple extraction and a surgical extraction. These are done when there is too much damage to the tooth that is can no longer be saved.
This method is used for a tooth that can be seen in the mouth. For this type of extraction, the tooth is loosened with a tool called an elevator then gently removed with dental forceps.
This is a more complex procedure used when a tooth may have broken off at the gum-line or erupted in the gum. A small incision is made into the gums to surgically remove the broken or impacted wisdom tooth.
Other reasons for extractions
· Extra teeth that are blocking other teeth from coming in.
· Baby teeth that did not fall in time to make room for permanent adult teeth.
· For braces: Some teeth are extracted to make space for the teeth that are moved into place.
· People receiving cancer or organ transplant medication may develop infect teeth that need removal.
· People receiving neck or head radiation.
· Wisdom teeth or molars extracted before and after they come in are removed if decayed, are causing pain, have a cyst or are infected.
Your dentist or oral surgeon will take X-rays in the area that needs extraction to create the best plan for the procedure. There are a few things you can do on your side to plan for your dental procedure. This includes being transparent about your medical history and pointing out if you are on any medication including vitamins and supplements. If you are a smoker, do not smoke on the day of your surgery as this can cause a painful case of dry socket.