Fillings consist of a material used to restore the function and integrity of a missing tooth structure as a result of decay, and other external traumas like cracking and chipping. Your dentist will consider a number of possible materials to use for your filling after evaluating the problem area. Some of the factors that will determine which material gets to be used for your filling include the extent of the repair needed, the location in which the filling is needed in your mouth and cost.

How do you know if you need a filling?
Only a dentist will truly be able to tell what you need to fix the problem area or make it better. During the check-up, your dentist will use a small mirror to perform an oral examination, primarily looking at the surface of each tooth. Anything that does not look normal will then be closely evaluated with special instruments. X-rays of the entire mouth or section thereof may also be taken. The type of treatment you will end up going through with will depend on the extent of the damage caused by decay.

What are your options?

Composite Resin
A mixture of plastic and safe fine glass particles. This material can be used for both small and large fillings, especially in the visible parts of the teeth, as well as inlays.

This material is most commonly made up of porcelain. They are used for a variety of treatments including veneers, implants and crowns. Ceramics are more resistant to staining and abrasions than composite resin.